Why Jesus really changed water into wine?

In the gospel of John we are told of a story where Jesus, his mother and his disciples were at a wedding at Cana:

John 2:1 And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: 2 And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage.

During this wedding Jesus turned 6 waterpots of water into wine:

John 2:6 And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. 7 Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.8 And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it.9 When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom,

We are told that this was the beginning of the miracles of Jesus:

John 2: 11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.

But why did Jesus perform this miracle? In this study we will see that there was in fact a very deep and spiritual meaning as to the changing of water into wine that most people are unaware of. 

This miracle was to spiritually show the transfer from the baptism of water to the baptism of the spirit. The end of the old Covenant and the beginning of the new. 

In order to understand this properly we shall have to delve a little deeper into the text. 

We know from verse 3 that they wanted wine (for the wine had ran out). The mother of Jesus is the one that states this to Jesus. 

John 2: 3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. 

Jesus replies with a question, what have I to do with thee. Many people misunderstand this as well and think that Jesus was either being rude to her, or that she was the “boss” and that he obeyed her request. 

The Greek literally says what to me and you. Jesus asking what the host not having wine had to do with them. He was not rebuking his mother.

Jesus also states that his HOUR was not yet come. 

John 2: 4 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. 

This is a vital and important piece of information needed to explain this. The hour of Jesus was his death which would lead to the resurrection where Jesus was to be glorified. 

Jesus refers to this hour when he was explaining to his disciples that he should be betrayed and killed. 

John 12:23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.

Again Jesus refers to the hour in the garden of Gethsemane where he was betrayed by Judas the night before he was crucified. 

Matthew 26:45 Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

So Jesus was saying it was not his hour to be glorified (verse 11 refers to his glory which we will come to) . However we know that Jesus did in fact change the water into wine. 

The next important thing we need to notice is that Jesus had them fill the 6 waterpots. Jesus did not have them fill the already empty wine containers. The water pots held somewhere between 18 and 27 gallons of water. It would not have been an easy or a quick job to fill these. These water pots were used for the purifying of the Jews. 

John 2: 6 And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece.

The Greek word here for purifying is καθαρισμός  katharismos and means purifying/cleansing. 

This is the same word used in Hebrews 1:3 where Jesus is stated as having purged (purified) us of our sins.  

Hebrews 1: 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

After Jesus had purified us, cleansed us, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty of high. He sat there AFTER his resurrection. 

There is no coincidence that John states that this wedding took place on the 3rd day. 

John 2: 1 And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there:

Remember it was the 3rd day when God gave the commandments of the Old covenant at mount Sinai 

Exodus 19:10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, 11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.

The water that was put into the pots spiritually represented the baptism of John, water baptism,  which was administered for the remission of sins. (purified)

Mark 1: 4 John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. 

However Jesus changed the water into wine. This represented the spiritual change between the cleansing of the water and the cleansing of the blood of Jesus. 

We see this at the last supper where Jesus had the disciples drink the wine in symbolic representation of the blood of the new Covenant. 

Matthew 26: 27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; 28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. 29 But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.

The new covenant/testament  was brought in by the blood of Jesus. 

Hebrews 9:16  For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.

Jesus was the testator who died. 

The exact same Greek word Διαθήκη diathéké is used in both Matthew 26:28 and Hebrews 9:16 for testament, which means testament or covenant. 

Remember Jesus stated that he was the vine, which produces the fruit from which wine is made: 

John 15:5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.

The blood replaced the water in cleansing: 

1 John 1-7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

Revelation 7-14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

Ephesians 1-7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;

Romans 3-22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: 23For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; 26To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.Paul says he was sent by God not to baptise but to preach the gospel of Grace

Romans 5-9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.

We should not ignore the significance of the wedding itself which is representative of the wedding of the lamb :

Revelation 19:9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.

This is when Jesus stated that he will drink wine again, when we, who are invited to the wedding supper,  will drink that wine with Jesus. 

Matthew 26: 29 But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom. 

The last bit of important information that shows the spiritual meaning is where John says that Jesus manifest forth his GLORY. 

John 2:  11This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.

The Greek word glory in this verse is δόξα doxa. 

This is the same word as the glory in John 1:14 which is a reference to the resurrection of Jesus 

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. 

Jesus was declared the only begotten son at his resurrection
See my writing when did God begat Jesus 

The Verb form of the word glory, δοξάζω doxazó is used in John 12:23 where Jesus had said it was his hour (his time) to be glorified. 

John 12:23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.

The Greek translated manifest in John 2:11 is φανερόω phaneroó which means to make known, to make visible. 

Also in this verse the Greek word translated as miracles is σημεῖον sémeion and can mean a sign. The miracle that Jesus did was the beginning of the signs. This just happens to be the same word that Jesus used in his answer to the the pharisees who wanted a sign from him. The sign being the sign of Jonah: 

Matthew 12:38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. 39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 

Jonah was inside the whale for 3 days which is a reference to how long Jesus would be dead for before he would rise again. 

Jesus revealed his glory , would be given when his time (his hour) had come which brought in the New Covenant. He changed the water, Johns way of cleansing of sin, into the symbolic wine of the blood of the new testament. 

Jesus by changing water into wine simply revealed the change from the Old Covenant to the New.