Why did Jesus say you are gods ?

John 10-34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?

Some, especially those of the new age movement,  use this to say that we are all little gods. Some even go as far as to say that those who have knowledge of God are in fact themselves God. Arguing that by some kind of advanced knowledge they have been able to enter into the consciousness of God becoming God. The divine consciousness. Jesus had clearly found that consciousness and had become God.

The Original lie

This was part of the original lie told by Satan in the Garden of Eden.

The serpent told Eve that she would not die

Genesis 3-4  4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

He told her that her and Adam would become as gods.

Genesis 3-5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

That you can become gods with some hidden knowledge.

The Antichrist will declare himself as God.

2 Thessalonians 2-  3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; 4Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.

So if this understanding is incorrect why did Jesus say this and what did he mean?

As per usual we have to look at the context of the verse and not simply take the verse on its own.  

So let’s do exactly that.

Context of John

The Jews had just picked up stones to stone Jesus

John 10- 31 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.

Jesus in reply to the Jews taking up stones,  asked them for what good works, from the father,  were they going to stone him for?

John 10-32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?

The response from the Jews was to tell him that they were not stoning him for the good works but for the blasphemy of making himself God even though he was just a man.

John 10-33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.

It is to this claim by the Jews that Jesus responds that it is written in their law that ye are all gods.

John 10-34 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?

Jesus statement regarding being called gods was referencing Psalm 82-6

Psalm 82-6 I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High.

The Hebrew word translated as gods is אֱלהִים elohim.

This being the word for God. Just as in the very first use of the word in the very first verse of the Bible. Genesis 1-1

Genesis 1-1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

So who is being called gods in Psalm 82-6. Some say that this is EVERYONE. Everyone is being referenced as gods. But this is actually incorrect

Again we need Context

 

Psalm 82 context 

Psalm 82 only has 8 verses

Psalm 82- 1{A Psalm of Asaph.} God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods.

2How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah.

3 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy.

4 Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked.

5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

6I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High.

7 But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.

8 Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.

 

The ones being called gods in verse 6 are the judges of Israel.  They are the ones given the authority to judge for God AS God. They have been given the title Elohim as they are acting as Elohim (God) through authority given by God.  The Israelites had asked for judges to be put over them.

In this psalm God is telling the judges that they are judging unjustly (verse 2). He then tells them to defend the poor and fatherless, to do justice to the afflicted and needy. (verse 3)

God is telling the judges of Israel to do a better job in giving justice to those that require it.

These same judges that were called gods in verse 6

This is further demonstrated if we go to the book of Exodus.

Exodus 21-6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.

The word translated here as judges is again the Hebrew Elohim.

And again this is shown in another verse in Exodus.

Exodus 22-8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour’s good

Judges is again translated from the Hebrew Elohim.

The judges were judging in the place of God. They were given the authority and were referred to as Elohim. The ones with the authority to represent God. God therefore addressed them as Elohim.

We also see that God had made Moses god, elohim, to Pharaoh

Exodus 7-1 And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.

The word god is also the translation of the hebrew אֱלהִים elohim

God had made Moses a ruler, one with authority. A representation of God. Acting on behalf of God and referred to as Elohim.  

Earlier at the burning bush, after he was told by God to go to the Israelites, Moses told God that he was not good with speech.

Exodus 4- 10And Moses said unto the LORD, O my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither heretofore, nor since thou hast spoken unto thy servant: but I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue.

But God told him to Go and that he would be WITH his mouth.

Exodus 4-  11And the LORD said unto him, Who hath made man’s mouth? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? have not I the LORD? 12Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth, and teach thee what thou shalt say.

Moses still asked God to send someone else

Exodus 4-  13And he said, O my Lord, send, I pray thee, by the hand of him whom thou wilt send.

So God told Moses that Aaron would speak for him. Moses would tell Aaron what to say and Aaron would speak for Moses. God would be with the mouth of Moses.

Exodus 4- 14And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and he said, Is not Aaron the Levite thy brother? I know that he can speak well. And also, behold, he cometh forth to meet thee: and when he seeth thee, he will be glad in his heart. 15And thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth: and I will be with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do.

 

So there was a chain, God to Moses to Aaron.

Then God states that he (Aaron) would  be a spokesman for Moses and Moses would be to Aaron, God.


Exodus 4- 16 And he shall be thy spokesman unto the people: and he shall be, even he shall be to thee instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God.

Moses was to Aaron, elohim, God. Representing and speaking as God.  

But what was the point that Jesus was trying to make.

Well this was actually to point out the lack of faith and unbelief of the Jews.

Earlier in the conversation with the Jews they had asked him to tell them if he was the Messiah and to leave no doubt about it.

John 10- 22 And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter. 23And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch. 24 Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.

 

To which Jesus simply replies that he had not only told them but the works that he was doing proved it. But they still didn’t believe.

John 10-  25 Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father’s name, they bear witness of me. 26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.

Jesus was highlighting authority given by God.

If we go back to John 10 and look at verse 35 and 36

Jesus asks the Jews a question.

John 10- 35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;

John 10-36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?

There own law testified of people being referred to as gods by God, yet they had trouble accepting that Jesus was declaring himself the son of God.

Jesus was appealing to his authority as the Messiah.

He stated that the father sanctified him.(verse 36)  

If those men who had represented God as judges were referred to by God as Elohim, gods,  how much more authority did Jesus have as the human representation of God on Earth, the Messiah of God,  as he was one with the father.

John 10-30 I and my Father are one.

This one was in the sense that God had given Jesus his authority and they agreed.

Jesus had earlier stated that the father had committed all judgement to the son, Jesus.

John 5-22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:

The Judgement of Jesus is the judgement of the father.

John 5- 30 I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.

He further states that his judgement was true because he is not alone but the father who sent him is with his judgement.

John 8- 16 And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me.

By referencing Psalm 82-6 Jesus was saying that if the judges were deemed Elohim , acting as God in a legal aspect in the courts of Israel how much more authority and right had Jesus to this claim seeing that Jesus represented God in perfectness in all things. Jesus was the full representation of God while on earth acting as God in all things.

Unlike , the gods, the elohim, those Israelite Judges of the Psalm, Jesus is the perfect judge, judging in perfect righteousness, acting as God on the behalf of God.

 


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