Who were the Nephilim?

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Many people state the nephilim or giants are the offspring of the Sons of God or Angels that mated with humans. As you may have seen in my writing “The sons of God are NOT Angels” I argued against the doctrine that angels mated with humans putting forward my argument why it is actually incorrect and so removing the ability to interpret the Nephilim/giants as the offspring of this interbreeding. However the bible clearly mentions them so if they were not a race of hybrids part angel part human who and what exactly were they?

The first thing we need to do is work out which is the correct word to use. Nephilim or Giants.
The word Nephilim appears just 3 times in the Hebrew texts. Once in Genesis 6-4 and twice in
Numbers 13-33

Lets start with
Genesis 6-4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days–and also afterward–when the sons of God went to the daughters of humans and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown. NIV

The NIV uses the word Nephilim
If we look at that same verse in the KJV
Genesis 6-4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. KJV
The KJV says that there were giants in the earth

The problem with the NIVs usage of the word Nephilim is that it actually gives the wrong impression. Many people look at the word Nephilim and think that it is an English word that actually means the offspring of the Angels and humans. It is often stated when someone is trying to argue the point that there was an angel human half breed and that they were the nephilim as if the Nephilim would be their English name , but this just isnt the case, the NIV has not actually translated the Hebrew word at all. It simply offers a transliteration which leads to this confusion. The word nephilim which incorrectly conjours up images of this offspring in fact doesnt actually exist in English , Nephilim is the transliteration of the Hebrew word. הַנְּפִלִ֞ים han-nə-p̄i-lîm Strongs 5303 it means “giants,” The name of two peoples, one before the flood and one after the flood
han-nə-p̄i-lîm comes from the root word נָפַל naphal which means to fall
cast down, self, lots, out, cease, die, divide by lot, let fail,

And it is this definition from the root word and the lack of translation by the NIV and in fact many other modern translations that people then use to say that the Nephilim were the offspring of the fallen angels.
It should at least be mentioned that if the angels did interbreed with humans then it wouldnt be the offspring that had fallen but the angels who mated.

We see that strongs states the actual Hebrew word han-nə-p̄i-lîm is the name of 2 peoples one before and one after the flood. There is no mention of this being offspring of any sort in the definition let alone the offspring of the Angels and humans.

Strongs exhaustive concordence has another definition for Nephilim
Or nphil {nef-eel’}; from naphal; properly, a feller, i.e. A bully or tyrant — giant.

Lets have a look at the definition of the English word Giant 

1. A man of extraordinary bulk and stature.
Giants of mighty bone, and bold emprise.
2. A person of extraordinary strength or powers, bodily or intellectual. The judge is a giant in his profession.

Lets look at todays difinition of the word
(in folklore) a being with human form but superhuman size, strength,etc.
a person or thing of unusually great size, power, importance, etc.;major figure; legend:
a giant in her field; an intellectual giant.

Giant simply means to be extremely big in size or strength. Not a hybrid creature from angel human reproduction
This however does not mean that they were as the book of Enoch would state 450ft tall.
Enoch 7-12 Whose stature was each three hundred cubits. These devoured all [which] the labor of men [produced]; until it became impossible to feed them;
A cubit was approx 18” 300 x 18 shared between 12 = 450ft

The ark that Noah built was 300 cubits in length
Genesis 6-15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.

This would make these giants the same height as the ark was long.

What i need to do is show the height of the giants and prove that they were not anything of the sort. 
Giant or giants appears 21 times in 19 verses in the KJV the other 18 uses all come from the hebrew הָרְפָאִים֒ hā-rə-p̄ā-’îm 7497 giant, Rapha, Rephaims
proper name, of a people old race of giants inhab. of an area E. of the Jordan

Lets start with probably the most well known giant in the Bible. Goliath
גָּלְיָ֥ת gā-lə-yāṯ 1555 a Philistine giant

But how tall was Goliath. Was he anywhere near 450ft tall

1 Samuel 17-4And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.

So 6 cubits plus a span, a span is half a cubit. So working that out he was not far off 10 ft tall. A very tall man, a giant most definitely but a long way off from what the book of Enoch would have people believing.

Goliath was a philistine and a rephiam giant

1 Samuel 17- 8And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.

1 samuel 17-23And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them.

Who were the philistines
The philistines were descendants of Ham Noahs son

Genesis 10-6And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. 
Genesis 10-13And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, 14And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

So these giants had human lineage back to Ham nowhere is there any mention of interbreeding.

A verse in Amos says that the Amorites were the height of cedar trees.

Amos 2-9 Yet destroyed I the Amorite before them, whose height was like the height of the cedars, and he was strong as the oaks; yet I destroyed his fruit from above, and his roots from beneath.

So were the Amorites actually as tall as cedar trees or is this simply the use of a simile

Lets have a look at another famous giant from the Bible, Og

Og was a king of the amorites.

Deuteronomy 31-4And the LORD shall do unto them as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and unto the land of them, whom he destroyed

So Og was a giant and an amorite, was he as tall as a cedar tree?

Deuteronomy 3-11For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits wasthe length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.

The word giant in this verse is hā-rə-p̄ā-’îm Og was a rephaim giant

We do not get his actual height given here but we do get the length of his bed 9 cubits which is 13.5 ft long. Now this is not total proof that he was shorter than 13.5ft but it is far more logical to assume that he wasnt taller than this and it would be very illogical to say he would be anywhere near 450 ft or the height of a cedar tree with such a bed.

The verse does not mean the Amorites were actually physically the size of trees. We have exagerated language being used, the same as for their strength which is also compared to a tree , an oak tree. 
Lets see who the Amorites were 
Amorite comes from the root word אֱמֹרִי emori 567 perhaps “mountain dwellers,” a Canaanite tribe

The Amorites were descendents of Canaan.

Genesis 10- 15And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, 16And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,17And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, 18And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.

Ogs lineage as an Amorite goes back to canaan, he had a human bloodline

Og and Goliath were both rephaim giants so it can be argued that this is not the same as the Nephilim giants it is the nephilim giants that were the ones who were really tall as they were the original giants in the verse in genesis . Lets have a look at numbers 13-33 and see if there is any more details that we can extract

Numbers 13-33 And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight. KJV

Numbers 13-33 We saw the Nephilim there (the descendants of Anak come from the Nephilim). We seemed like grasshoppers in our own eyes, and we looked the same to them.”

Here we do have the usage of the hebrew word han-nə-p̄î-lîm twice in this verse. 
The verse also states that the Israelites were comparing themselves to the Giants/nephilim and saying they were like grasshoppers to them. this is again used to show that the nephilim giants were indeed as tall as the book of Enoch would have us believe.
But we have already seen in the verse in Amos that the bible does use exaggerated language and that is exactly what is being done again in this verse. 
Its not meaning that they were as small as grasshoppers physically compared to the nephilim giants

The comparison to grasshoppers means in strength not in physical size or even as some say numerically.

I shall show this to be correct.

First off physical size, some will say that they were as small as grasshoppers compared to the giants. But this is actually just opinion there is nothing biblically to actually back this claim up. It is simply reading something into the text without any understanding of the text itself or the context. As i explain what it actually means with biblical support it will be clear that physical size is not in reference.

Secondly we do have examples of the comparrison to Grasshoppers numerically being used elsewhere in the bible

Judges 6-5 For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for multitude; for both they and their camels were without number: and they entered into the land to destroy it. (number)
And again in 
Judges 7-12 And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels were without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude. (number)

Grasshopper being used clearly to mean numerically large.

Another example of its use to mean multitude

Jeramiah 46-23They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable.

The hebrew word used in these incidents is אַרְבֶּה֙ ’ar-beh 697 it means locust (from its rapid increase) or grasshopper. It is the numerical value that is in reference

But that isnt what is being referenced in the Numbers passage 
The word translated as grasshopper in the verse in numbers 13-33 is כַּֽחֲגָבִ֔ים ka-ḥă-ḡā-ḇîm, which is from the root word khaw-gawb חָגָב chagab strongs 2284 and means locust or grasshopper

It is the same word as used in Isaiah 40-22 where humans are also called grasshoppers when compared to God,

In Isaiah 40-22 It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in: (strength)

It is the power, the might of God that is being compared in the verse.

And it is the same in Numbers 13-33, the Israelites were saying that the peoples of the land were mightier in strength than them

The bible says The land that was to become the land of the Israelites was inhabited by 7 nations greater and mightier than them.
Deuteronomy 7-1 1When the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;

They were certainly more numerous as this verse tells us Greater – רַבִּ֥ים rab-bîm 7227 abundance 
But it was the might that was clearly being contrasted.
Mighty wa awtsoomim וַעֲצוּמִ֖ים wa-‘ă-ṣū-mîm -6099 numberous mighty, strong

(Deuteronomy 7-17If thou shalt say in thine heart, These nations are more than I; how can I dispossess them? ) Not in video

If we go back and continue on in the chapter in isaiah

Isaiah 40-23That bringeth the princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.
24Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.
25To whom then will ye liken me, or shall I be equal? saith the Holy One.
26Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth.

This is not the bible saying that God is like a tall giant, that humans were more plentiful this is the bible using exaggerated comparison language to compare the might of God to that of humans

All that is left to do now is prove that the nephilim were not 450ft tall and in fact were the same height as the Rephaim Giants which we have already seen were anywhere between nearly 10 ft and 13ft. All the giants were roughly the same size.

If we go back to the verse in numbers 13-33 we get even more information ,the verse says that the nephilim were the sons of Anak
Who was anak.
עֲנָ֖ק ‘ă-nāq Strongs word 6061 a Canaanite so Anak was a canaanite which means he was a descendent of Canaan Noahs grandson so he had a bloodline back to Cannan, now it could be argued that this was through his mother and that his father was a fallen angel.

But the bible tells us who his father was.
Joshua 14-15 And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba wasa great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
Joshua 21-11 And they gave them the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron, in the hill country of Judah, with the suburbs thereof round about it

Joshua 15-13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron.

The children of Anak as we saw were nephilim, Anak had a earthly human father. He was not the product of an angel mating with his mother.

Lets go a bit deeper

Genesis 14-5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,
This verse says that Chedorlaomer smote the rephiams who we already know are giants and that he also smote the Zuzims and Emims

This is the only use of the word zumims so we cant know much about them.

So lets find out who the Emims were.

Deuteronomy 2-9And the LORD said unto me, Distress not the Moabites, neither contend with them in battle: for I will not give thee of their land for a possession; because I have given Ar unto the children of Lot for a possession. 10The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; 11Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites call them Emims.

So the Emims were giants and as tall as the Anakims who were the nephilim referenced in numbers 13-33
The word giants in deuteronomy 2-11 is rə-p̄ā-’îm

The Emims were raphiam giants but the Moabites called them Emims
emims Plural of ‘eymah; terrors; Emim, an early Canaanitish tribe

If we continue on in deuteronomy we find another tribe mentioned

Deuteronomy 2- 19And whenthou comest nigh over against the children of Ammon, distress them not, nor meddle with them: for I will not give thee of the land of the children of Ammon any possession; because I have given it unto the children of Lot for a possession. 20(That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims; 21A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed them before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead:
זַמְזֻמִּֽים׃ zam-zum-mîm 2157 another name for the Rephaim

So the Zamzummims were rephaim giants also but they were called Zamzummims by the Ammonites. The Zamzummims and the Emims were both rephaim giants but they were called different names by different peoples.They are both referenced as being as tall as the Anakims. The Anakims as we know were nephilim.giants. So the Rephaim giants were as tall as the Nephilim giants and we know that Og and goliath were rephaim giants and thez were not 450ft tall.

There is no scripture to base the belief that the nephilim were as tall as the book of enoch says or that they are the offspring of angel human breeding. When we look into the information given by the bible we find that the nephilim had human heritage and that although being very tall were not anywhere near the kind of height that so many people believe they were. The giants in the bible were not the height of those in the book of Enoch. The bible itself however does not support this. If you have to go beyond the bible to get your doctrine then your doctrine is not biblical.