The Jewish Passover is celebrated on the WRONG Night…….
The Passover. A Traditional Jewish festival that has been celebrated for around 3000 years. It is a day to celebrate and remember when God went through Egypt and killed the firstborns of the Egyptians while sparing the Israelites firstborns who had painted their doors with the lambs blood.
But is this feast being observed today the way that they observed it all those years ago?
The answer to this, although maybe surprising, is actually no. The Jews actually celebrate the Passover today on the wrong night. They are in fact celebrating it one night after the actual Passover.
The Jewish people kill the Passover lamb at around 3-5 pm on the 14th of Nissan
“The animal was slain on the eve of the Passover, on the afternoon of the 14th of Nisan, after the Tamid sacrifice had been killed, i.e., at three o’clock, or, in case the eve of the Passover fell on Friday, at two”
They then eat the meal over the night of the 15th.
“What Is Passover?
The eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan, April 19 – April 27, 2019. Passover (Pesach) commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt. Pesach is observed by avoiding leaven, and highlighted by the Seder meals that include four cups of wine, eating matzah and bitter herbs, and retelling the story of the Exodus.
In Hebrew it is known as Pesach (which means “to pass over”), because G‑d passed over the Jewish homes when killing the Egyptian firstborn on the very first Passover eve.”
So the Jewish people kill the Passover on the 14th and then eat the Passover on the night of the 15th of Nissan as they claim it is this night that God came through Egypt Passing over the Israelites who has painted the lambs blood on their doors.
“At the stroke of midnight of 15 Nissan in the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE), G‑d visited the last of the ten plagues on the Egyptians, killing all their firstborn. While doing so, G‑d spared the children of Israel, “passing over” their homes—hence the name of the holiday.”
HOWEVER. This is actually biblically INCORRECT.
It is UTTERLY IMPOSSIBLE that the Passover took place on the night of the 15th of Nissan as is claimed. This is one night later than the Bible states the event happened.
Let’s start with the simple and basic date the Bible says is the Passover.
The LORD’S Passover is the 14th of Nissan as explicitly stated in the Bible.
Leviticus 23- 5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S Passover.
Numbers 28- 16 And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD.
Very clear. The Passover is the 14th day.
The Israelites were specifically told to keep the Passover at HIS appointed time.
Numbers 9-2 Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season. 3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at even, ye shall keep it in his appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall ye keep it.
We see that this is at even. Even is translated from the Hebrew hā-‘ar-bā-yim; which means Evening.
So the LORD’S Passover starts at evening.
The Israelites kept this time
Numbers 9- 5 And they kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at even in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel.
Ezra 6-19 And the children of the captivity kept the passover upon the fourteenth day of the first month.
Unlike days that are based on the Roman Calendar, a Jewish day starts at Evening (approx 6 pm) and finishes again at 6 pm the next day . So for example a Jewish day would start at Wednesday 6 pm and finish on a Thursday 6 pm according to the Roman time.
The Bible states that the Passover lamb was to be killed on the 14th at EVENING.
Exodus 12- 6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
Evening of the 14th would not be 3 pm-5 pm on the Thursday as this is the morning or day part of the Jewish day. Evening would be the Wednesday after 6 pm.
The Jews were to use the blood to put on the posts of the sides and the upper door of their houses and then eat the flesh.
Exodus 12- 7And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
It was then THIS night, the night after the Lamb was killed that the Destroyer passed through Egypt.
Exodus 12- 12For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
The Jews were specifically told that none of the lamb was to remain in the morning, the morning after the night of the Passover. If any was left in the morning it was to be burned with fire.
Exodus 12- 10And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
They were told NOT to leave their houses until the morning after the Passover.
Exodus 12- 22And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.
The firstborn’s were smote around midnight. Pharaoh rose up that night to find the firstborn’s dead.
Exodus 12- 29And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. 30And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
So we know that the Israelites were still in Egypt in the morning after the night of Passover. This in Jewish understanding would be the day part f the 15th of Nissan after the night part of the 15th of Nissan.
We also know that the Israelites left Egypt on the 15th of Nissan, the day after Passover.
Numbers 33- 3And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.
Morrow is the Hebrew mim-mā-ḥo-raṯ which means the day after ….not the morning as some Jews claim. The day after the Passover is the 15th.
But herein lies the problem for the Jews that claim that the Passover was killed on the 14th at about 3-5 pm and that it was the night of the 15th that God came through Egypt.
The Israelites who left on the 15th of Nissan did so at NIGHT. Pharaoh told them to leave AT NIGHT ..at HASTE
Exodus 12- 31And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. 32Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.
And it is exactly at night when the Israelites were led by God out of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 16- 1Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
This HAD to be AFTER the Passover. The Passover had already happened. Pharoah did not come to Moses the same night as the Passover he simply came by night, the next night. As we are clearly told that the Israelites left the day after Passover not the night of the Passover. This simply cannot be the same night.
So we know that they were still in Egypt the morning after the Passover as they had to burn the remains of any of the Passover lamb. They couldn’t have left the same night as the Passover night which the Jews claim is the night of the 15th because they were still in Egypt in the morning. BUT again we know they left on the 15th at NIGHT, the day AFTER the Passover.
It is literally impossible for the Israelites to have left Egypt on the 15th at night while the Passover took place on the 15th at night and yet still be in Egypt after the Passover and to leave Egypt the day after Passover.
If they were eating the passover on the night of the 15th and were still in Egypt the next morning then it is simply impossible for them to have left on the night of the 15th. If they left the next night this would now be the 16th and not the 15th as so stated by the Bible.
The Biblical narrative states clearly.
The Passover lamb was killed at evening on the 14th of Nissan and then eaten over THAT night which is the night of the 14th. Lets take Wednesday/Thursday as our example.
Wednesday 6pm – thursday 6am start of the 14th day of Nissan(passover killed at about 6pm)
Thursday 6am start of the morning of the 14th of Nissan (any remainders to be burned)
Thursday 6pm -Friday 6am evening and the start of the 15th Nissan. The Jews leave Egypt
Friday 6am-Friday 6pm this is now the daytime (morning of the 15th of Nissan) This is when Pharaoh and the Egyptian army came upon the Israelites. The Israelites were led through the red sea and the Egyptians were drowned.
Exodus 12- 5And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?
Now we know this was now the morning/daytime because it was the Pillar of cloud that came between the Isralietes and the Egyptians
Exodus 12- 19And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:
The pillar of cloud led the Israelites by day, it was the pillar of fire that led them at night.
Exodus 13- And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:
So the Israelites passed through the red sea on the 15th of Nissan during the daytime.
The Israelites left the night of the 15th which was the night after the night of the Passover which had happened on the night of the 14th.
But what about at the time of Jesus? When was the Lamb killed?
Jesus ate the Passover meal
The last supper was the Passover meal observed on the night BEFORE Jesus was crucified. The disciples were sent to get the Passover meal ready for Jesus and his disciples to eat. Jesus DID eat the Passover meal.
Mark 14-12 And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover? 13And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. 14And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? 15And he will shew you a large upper room furnished and prepared: there make ready for us. 16And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.
17And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. 18And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me.
Luke 22- 7Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed. 8And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat. 9And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare? 10And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in. 11And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? 12And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready. 13And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.
We know that Jesus was crucified ON the Passover . Pilate confirms this when he offers to release a prisoner.
John 18- 38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all. 39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?
Mark, who wrote to the Jews, states the time that Jesus was on the cross as the 3rd hour. The 3rd hour would be the 3rd hour of the new day which started at 6am so would be 9am using modern time.
Mark 15- 25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.
Mark continues and we find that at the 6th hour ( so 6 hours after 6am would be about midday modern time) There was darkness over the whole land until the 9th hour (3pm)
Mark 15-33And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
And it is at this time that Jesus cried out the famous words Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?
Mark 15- 34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
We are then told by Mark that Jesus died.
Mark 15- 37 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.
This being at approx 3pm on the day of passover. Jesus was crucified on the 14th on the Passover during the daytime. The Passover had already been killed and eaten the night before Jesus was crucified. Which was the evening of the 14th.
There is NO mention of anyone eating the Passover meal the night after Jesus had been crucified which would have been the 15th of Nissan the time the Jews today claim that the Passover is eaten.
In fact we see that the Jews, early on the day of passover, BEFORE Jesus had been crucified, did not enter into the Judgement hall so they would not be defiled so that they could eat the passover.
John 20- 28Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.
They still had the intention of eating the Passover that they should have been eating during the night that Jesus was arrested.
Jesus simply was not the Passover Lamb. He was the daily Lamb.
Exodus 29 – 38Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.39The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even:
Numbers 28- . 3And thou shalt say unto them, This is the offering made by fire which ye shall offer unto the LORD; two lambs of the first year without spot day by day, for a continual burnt offering. 4The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at even;
Jesus was “sacrificed” in the evening when he allowed himself to be handed over and then he was crucified in the day (morning).
Scripture tells us exactly when the Passover was to be killed and eaten. The Passover in the night of the 14th of Nissan NOT the 15th as the Jews today keep.