Isaiah 9-6 is about JESUS not about Hezekiah and it doesn’t prove the trinity or the deity of Christ.

Isaiah 9-6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

 

There are many people, in fact it is probably more correct to say that it is the general consensus, even amongst some Christians,  that believe that the prophecy given by Isaiah in this passage is not talking about Jesus but rather it is referring to Hezekiah. In other words this passage is not a Messianic prophecy at all. This is certainly the view held by Jews who reject Jesus as the already raised up Messiah of God.

 

Some Christians, who accept that the passage is about Hezekiah but also believe that this is about Jesus, do assert that this is a double prophecy and includes both Hezekiah and Jesus.

 

However there are 3 arguments against this assertion that the child in question is Hezekiah and why I believe this is ONLY referring to Jesus and is  a Messianic prophecy. I also believe that argument 3 disproves those that not only believe this is a Messianic prophecy but also claim that it is scriptural support that Jesus is God.

 

Argument 1

Hezekiah had already been born when this prophecy was given. This argument is pretty straight forward to demonstrate.

The prophecy was given in the days of Ahaz the king, the father of Hezekiah

 

Isaiah 7- 1And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it

 

Ahaz was 20 years old when he became king.

2 kings 16-1 1In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.2Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.

 

2 Chronicles 28-1 Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: but he did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD, like David his father:

 

Ahaz reigned for 16 years, which means he was 36 years old when he died.

Hezekiah was 25 years old when he began to reign.   

 

2 Kings 18-1 Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. 2 Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah.

 

This means that Ahaz had to have been around 11/12 years old when Hezekiah was born. This was around 8 years BEFORE he became king. It is therefore IMPOSSIBLE that Hezekiah was yet to be born when Isaiah gave his prophecy.

 

There is an argument seeing that Ahaz was so young when Hezekiah was born that Ahaz was not in fact the literal father of Hezekiah but rather became his legal parent at a later stage.  This argument however does not affect the fact that when Isaiah gave his prophecy Hezekiah had indeed already been born.

 

Argument 2

Isaiah 9-7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

 

Hezekiah DID NOT establish the kingdom of David forever.

In verse 7 of Isaiah 9 we are told that the child would establish the throne of David henceforth for ever and ever

 

However Hezekiah did not establish the throne of David from that moment on forever. There is no literal physical human king on the throne of David today.  

 

Zedekiah was the LAST king of Judah in 586 BC. He was a descendent of Hezekiah however he is not recorded in the genealogy of Jesus and it is recorded that ALL his sons were killed by the king of Babylon.

 

Jeremiah 52-10 And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah.

 

Zedekiah was the uncle of the previous king Jehoiachin. Jehoiachin was dethroned by Nebuchadnezzar who then installed Zedekiah as the king.

Not only did Hezekiah not establish the throne of David forever, in fact it is impossible for him to do so as when the destruction of Judah at the hands of the Babylonians was foretold by Isaiah, Isaiah also foretold that the sons of Hezekiah would be Eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.

 

Isaiah 39- 3Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country unto me, even from Babylon. 4Then said he, What have they seen in thine house? And Hezekiah answered, All that is in mine house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shewed them.

5Then said Isaiah to Hezekiah, Hear the word of the LORD of hosts: 6Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the LORD. 7And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon. 8Then said Hezekiah to Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. He said moreover, For there shall be peace and truth in my days.

 

Obviously if Hezekiah’s sons were to be Eunuchs they would not be able to continue his lineage. By way of God’s decree, the throne of David CANNOT be continued through Hezekiah and we see that Hezekiah is not included in the genealogy of Jesus.

We see that in the Genealogy of Jesus through his MOTHER Mary, through which he has a lineage back to king David, there is no mention of Hezekiah.

 

Luke 3- 23And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, 24Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph, 25Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the son of Naum, which was the son of Esli, which was the son of Nagge, 26Which was the son of Maath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Semei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Juda, 27Which was the son of Joanna, which was the son of Rhesa, which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri, 28Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi, which was the son of Cosam, which was the son of Elmodam, which was the son of Er, 29Which was the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, 30Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son of Juda, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, which was the son of Eliakim, 31Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David, 32Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson, 33Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda,34Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor, 35Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala, 36Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech, 37Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan, 38Which was the son of Enos, which was the sonof Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.

 

Jesus is not a son of Hezekiah, Jesus the Messiah has no lineage to David through Hezekiah.

Less than 100 years after Isaiah prophesied about the sons of Hezekiah, as a result of the evil of Jehoiachin, who was a descendant and so a son of Hezekiah, the king of Babylon came against Judah and they were taken into captivity.

2 Kings 24-12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.

 

ALL the line of Hezekiah was taken into captivity as foretold by Isaiah.

Jehoiachin was cursed and it was stated that no man from his seed would sit upon the throne.

 

Jeremiah 22-30 Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.

 

Jehoiachin’s uncle Zedekiah, who was also a descendent of Hezekiah would take his place as king but as we already saw he would be the last king of Judah and all his children were killed

 

Isaiah 9-6 CANNOT be a reference to Hezekiah as NO son Of Hezekiah did or can establish the throne of David forever. The kingly line through Hezekiah ended and was not and will not be reinstated.

It is also important to notice that Hezekiah did not nor ever will reign over the kingdom of David, David reigned over the 12 tribes of Israel. Hezekiah only reigned over the kingdom of Judah, a divided kingdom. A kingdom that has not yet been reunited under one king.

 

The kingdom of David is given to Jesus and it is JESUS who will establish the throne of David forever.

 

Luke 1-32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

 

Jesus will reign over a united kingdom.

Also Hezekiah did not (and will not ever) establish a government and peace of which there is no end.

 

Isaiah 9-7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

 

In fact it was quite the opposite. With the eventual destruction of the kingdom by the hands of the Babylonians.

Jeremiah 23-5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.

 

Hezekiah’s kingdom not only came to an end, it certainly did not end peaceably.

 

Argument 3

His name shall be called.

 

Isaiah 9-6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

 

This argument also refutes the claim that the verse supports the belief Jesus is God.

 

What does he will be called mean exactly? What it can’t mean is a literal name. Neither Hezekiah nor Jesus for that matter was actually called any of these things, Hezekiah and Jesus were called Hezekiah and Jesus respectfully. So it is an important question what does to be called these things really mean?  

 

Let’s look at these names in a little more detail.

The first thing we need to see is that his NAME shall be called, NOT that HE shall be called or his name shall be.

The child was not going to be literally named any of these things. In order to understand what this meant we are going to have to delve a little deeper into the scriptures.

We shall start with his name. Name is the hebrew word שֵׁם shem. While it can refer literally to a person’s name it can also mean their fame or what they are known FOR rather than what they are known BY.

 

In Genesis 6-4 the word is translated as renown (their fame)

Genesis 6-4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

Clearly this name cannot be a literal name as neither Hezekiah or Jesus were called these names as already stated.

 

It therefore would be more logical to understand that this refers to the persons fame, what the person would be known for.

So we need to look more closely at what these names actually mean in the context of the fame for which the child would be known.

 

Let’s start with  Wonderful. This did not mean that the child would literally be called or be wonderful. The Child would be known by the name wonderful.  Wonderful is the Hebrew פֶלֶא Pele, this means wonders. The fame of the person in question would be connected with wonders.

Hezekiah performed no wonders. However Jesus performed many wonders.

 

Throughout the Bible we see that the Jews required wonders as evidence of who a person was, Moses needed to change his rod into a serpent and his hand was made leperous for the people to believe that he had been sent from God.

 

The Pharisees asked Jesus what signs would he show that they would believe.

 

John 6-30 They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?

 

Jesus had already told them that without signs and wonders they would not believe.

 

John 4-48 Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe.

 

But Jesus DID do many wonders as the Bible attests to.

 

Acts 2-22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:

 

The Jews of the time understood that the Messiah would in fact perform Miracles just as was prophesied. They asked when the Messiah would come would he perform more miracles than what Jesus had done.

 

John 7-31 And many of the people believed on him, and said, When Christ cometh, will he do more miracles than these which this man hath done?

 

Jesus performed many miracles, including turning water into wine, walking on water, raising the dead and healing the sick.

 

We must also notice that False prophets and Christs will perform wonders

 

Matthew 24-24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.

Mark 13-22 For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect.

They will do these sonders to seduce, even those who believe. Wonders are what the Messiah would be known for.

Then we have Counsellor. Again the child would not be named counselor, the child would be known for being a counsellor. This is the Hebrew יָעַץ Yaats and means to council or advise.

 

Hezekiah was not an advisor.  Jesus was.

Jesus constantly gave wisdom and counsel.
He gave advice to the rich young ruler

 

Matthew 16- 16And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? 17And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. 18He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, 19Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 20The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet? 21Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.22But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.

23Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven. 24And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. 25When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved? 26But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.

We see Jesus giving counsel elsewhere.

 

Luke 12- 13And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me.14And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you? 15And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man’s life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth. 16And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully: 17And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits? 18And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods. 19And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry. 20But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided? 21So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.

 

Jesus gave counsel to Nicodemus

 

John 3- 1There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: 2The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him. 3Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.

4Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be born? 5Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 6That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. 8The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.

9Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be? 10Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things? 11Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness. 12If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things? 13And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. 14And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: 15That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

 

This leads us into a “name” that is often used to prove the trinity or at least the deity of Jesus, Mighty God. Mighty God is the Hebrew גִּבּ֔וֹר אֵ֣ל El Gibbor.

 

Again this wasn’t going to be a literal name or what he would literally be, rather what he would be known FOR.

 

Jesus would not literally be mighty God but just as his fame his renown was to be to perform wonders and to counsel, he would be mighty God in his representation in his authority.

 

Jesus came IN his father’s name. He came in the Name of God

John 5-43 I am come in my Father’s name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.

 

He represented God as his agent. He was GIVEN all authority by God.

 

Matthew 28-18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

 

John 10-30 I and my Father are one.

 

Jesus forgave sins in the authority of God.

 

Mark 2- 1And again he entered into Capernaum, after some days; and it was noised that he was in the house. 2And straightway many were gathered together, insomuch that there was no room to receive them, no, not so much as about the door: and he preached the word unto them. 3And they come unto him, bringing one sick of the palsy, which was borne of four. 4And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay.5When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee. 6But there were certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts, 7Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only? 8And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts? 9Whether is it easier to say to the sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk? 10But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,) 11I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house. 12And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.

 

The Jews recognised he spoke with authority.

 

Matthew 7-28 And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine:29For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.

 

He was mighty God in authority and representation.

 

Of course we also have Everlasting father. This alone disproves the trinity. If Jesus was to literally be the mighty God then he must also be literally the everlasting father.  The trinity states that the son, Jesus is not the father. It is simply dishonest to say that Jesus being called mighty God proves he is God but then also claim that him being called everlasting father doesn’t mean he would be the everlasting father. Jesus is NOT our father, he is NOT the father of anything and he is NEVER called such in the Bible.

 

Everlasting father here is the Hebrew עַד Ad which simply means perpetual.

 

Jesus just like mighty God would be the father in representation. He was to show the father through him not be the father.

 

Jesus said to his disciples that if they had known him they would know the father.

 

John 14- 7If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him.

 

Philip asked Jesus to show them the father.

 

John 14- 8Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us.

 

To which Jesus replied again that if you have seen Jesus then you have seen the father.

 

John 14-  9Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father? 10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.11Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works’ sake.

Jesus represented the father and through Jesus we see the father. This does not mean and cannot mean that Jesus was the father.

 

Interestingly after the resurrection Jesus called the disciples children

 

John 21- 4But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. 5Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.

 

Lastly we have Prince of peace. Prince is שַׂר Sar and peace is שָׁלוֹם shalom

 

Yet again the child was not literally called Prince of peace. Hezekiah certainly was no prince of peace. In fact it was because of his act of showing off his riches that would eventually lead to the destruction of the Kingdom of Judah.

 

However Jesus did bring peace. However it was not a peace that the Jews understood. It was an inner peace, a peace not of the world.

 

John 14- 27Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.

John 16-33  33These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.

It was a peace with GOD which is given THROUGH Jesus.

 

Romans 5- 1Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:

 

The peace OF God through Jesus.

 

Phillipians 4-7And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.

When the scriptures are examined they disprove the claim that Hezekiah was the child in Isaiah’s prophecy. Also when understood properly the names simply refer to the fame of the child not what the child would literally be.

Jesus is the child prophesied, Jesus the Messiah.


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