Does Zechariah 14 prove that the law will be kept in the kingdom.
A passage that is sometimes used to prove that the law given through Moses will still be in effect in the millennial kingdom is Zechariah 14 verses 16 through 21. It is claimed the passage not only shows that the feast will still be kept but some, normally Tanakh only advocates, also claim it that there will be sacrifices in the kingdom which would obviously mean that Jesus was not the end to sacrifices.
Here we see that verses 16 and 19 do specifically state the feast of tabernacles.
Zechariah 14- 16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.
Zechariah 14- 19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.
However if it was the intention of Zechariah to assert the keeping of the law in the kingdom it is far more likely that he would have used the word feasts plural, seeing they are numerous, and not single out one specific feast. Especially as there were more important feasts to the Israelites such as the passover.
It is interesting, when we look at scripture as a whole, that Zechariah specifies this feast in particular. He did not just choose one feast at random but rather he identified this feast for specific reasons. We must remember that all scripture is profitable and nothing is arbitrary.
2 Timothy 3-16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
It would be my understanding that this was not in fact referring to the literal feast of tabernacles as kept in the first covenant. But rather he used this feast to convey a far more deeper meaning.
We know that this is in reference to the “day of the LORD” being the end times. The millennium reign when the messiah will return, or come in the case of the Tanakh only advocates.
The feasts were a shadow of the things to come as attested to by the New Testament.
Colossians 2- 16Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. 18Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,
The feast of tabernacles in the law is nothing more than the shadow of the feast of tabernacles as per in the kingdom.
The tabernacle is where God resided with his people after he had led them out of Egypt and had taken them into the promised land.
Ezekiel tells us that God’s tabernacle in the kingdom will be with the people. God will dwell amongst them.
Ezekiel 37- 27My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 28And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.
Revelation also tells us that in the kingdom the tabernacle of God will be amongst his people. God will dwell with his people.
Revelation 21-3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.
The temple is where God came to reside after it was built. The temple just like the tabernacle before it was the residing place of God.
We are told that we are the temple of God God dwells within us
1 Corinthians 3-16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
Romans 8-9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
So believers are in essence tabernacles of God, where he resides.
The feast of tabernacles in the kingdom would therefore be the gathering of the tabernacles (believers) in Jerusalem. A celebration of God being amongst his people as he was when he had brought his people together into the promised land God brings them back united where he dwells with them again.
Those who do not gather would not be believers.
When we look at the sacrifices that are mentioned we will see that these are not the sacrifices of the law. So we shall look at verses 20 and 21.
Zechariah 14- 20 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD’S house shall be like the bowls before the altar.
The important word in verse 20 is LIKE
The POTS סִיר ciyr in the LORDS house shall be like the bowls מִזְרָק mizraq They are like but not the same. Even pots and bowls are different Hebrew words.
EVERY pot in Jerusalem and Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD not simply the bowls before the altar.
Zechariah 14-21 Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.
If the law remains and Deuteronomy 4-2 is still in effect then we have a problem
Deuteronomy 4-2 Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.
Clearly there would have been a change in that EVERY pot is now holiness which means something has been added or diminished.
There is no need to view the sacrifices as sacrifices as per the law. There is no mention of sacrifices as those outlined for this festival, the Levites are not mentioned at all (simply THOSE that sacrifice) and seeing that the change between the bowls and the pots has already been established.
Peter states that ye, Israel, he was speaking to the Israelites , are all now priests in God’s kingdom can offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God
1 Peter 2-5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
Again this is sacrifices in the kingdom not as per the law. These are spiritual sacrifices offered by the priests.
We are further told that all believers are made kings and priests
Revelation 1-6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
So as all believers are priests all believers can offer sacrifices.
We are even told in Hebrews what sacrifices these likely are
Hebrews 13 15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
Sacrifices of praise not animals which all believers being priests can offer when they come to Jerusalem to bring the tabernacle of their bodies to celebrate a spiritual feast of tabernacles.